“Deewaaron Ka Jungle Jiska Aabaadi hai Naam” – Sahir Ludhianvi

‘Deewaaron ka Jungle- Jiska Aabaadi hai naam’

Go To Deewaaron ka Jungle – I
Deewaaron ka Jungle – II
Deewaaron ka Jungle – III

I had marked this ‘poem’ about a year back when I read it in book of compilation of Sahir’s poems and songs. I had no idea then if it was included in any film or the film’s name.

One day while doing my regular searching information about films, I was going through the information about the film ‘Deewaar-1975’ on wiki and there I noted the soundtrack and found this song mentioned therein.
Then the search on you tube followed and this was available there.

But this song was not included in the film for the reasons unknown to me.

However as I wish to present this song with a write up (as it very well deserved) the post got delayed.

When I was going through this poem and reading it again and again it prompted me to weave an article around it.

The infamous ‘Delhi Gang Rape’ was in news then, corruption at its peak, public apathy towards social commitment also at its peak, insensitivity and callousness taking to new heights and the daily news and the various discussions on TV channels only add to the agony of our helplessness and inability to bring an ‘overall change’.
The whole country was in state of shock over the ‘Delhi Gang Rape’ and scattered revolt and protests were held up in the country which later on settled down and now forgotten only to raise head at a time which nobody knows, and in the process the culprits of the Delhi Gang Rape have also got a respite and who knows, one good morning, they will be able to roam freely in around.

As I was half way through of my article there were two ‘interviews’ one of Nana Patekar on IBN Lokmat and another one of Gulzar Saab, which I have already covered in Part-II and III of this article.

Somewhere I also had apprehensions of doing a balanced write up for this song so that it is in line with the meaning of the lyrics and seek for the essence of the emotions, the agony the poet is going through and finally to bring the change the poet is striving for.

And thus the draft was revisited and updated time to time.

This four part series – ‘Deewaaron ka Jungle’ is concluding today.

Today is also the birth anniversary of the great ‘shaayar Sahir Ludhianvi’ who had written this poem almost about 38 years back.

Just to put here that, the incidences of crime against women, crime against children, the overall increasing crimes in the society, the vulnerability of human life, the problems faced by common man, inflation, hunger, corruption, lack of basic amenities all make us to think – is this the country our freedom fighter heroes have dreamt of ?
The situation is grimmer than we actually see it.

But the daily survival in this competitive environment and fast moving life takes it all and finally the ‘roti ki Jung’ covers all agonies of life under it.
In circumstances like above where the common man suffers the agony, a litterateur, a poet, also go through the same emotions, and when the poet is Sahir Ludhianvi, the words are surely to hit directly our conscience;

Deewaaron ke is jungle mein
Bhatak rahe insaan
Apne apne uljhe daaman
Jhatak rahe insaan
Apni vipadaa chhod ke aaye
Kaun kisi ke kaam
Baahar se chup chup lagtaa hain
Andar hain kohraam

Note that Sahir has written these lines about 38 years or so before?
What has prompted him then?

It seems that the social values had started declining since long time back and today it has reached its peak
We have made developments only in terms of ‘insensitivity’ and ‘callousness’.

(Thanks to the book that I got 4/5 years before that I came to know about this song)

Deewaaron ka jungle jiskaa
Aabaadi hain naam
Baahar se chup chup lagtaa hain
Andar hain kohraam

Deewaaron ke is jungle mein
Bhatak rahe insaan
Apne apne uljhe daaman
Jhatak rahe insaan
Apni vipadaa chhod ke aaye
Kaun kisi ke kaam
Baahar se chup chup lagtaa hain
Andar hain kohraam

Seene khaali aankhein sooni
Chehron par hairaani
Jitney ghane hangaame isme
Utni ghani veeraani

Raatein qaatil subahein mujrim
Muljim hain har shaam
Baahar se chup chup lagtaa hain
Andar hain kohraam

Haal na poochhe dard na baante
Is jungle ke log
Apnaa apnaa sukh hain sabkaa
Apnaa apnaa sog
Koyee nahin jo haath badhaakar
Girton ko le thaam
Baahar se chup chup lagtaa hain
Andar hain kohraam

Bebas ko doshi thehraaye
Is jungle ka nyaay
Sach ki laash pe koyee na roye
Jhooth ko sis nawaaye
Patthar ki in deewaaron mein
Patthar ho gaye raam
Baahar se chup chup lagtaa hain
Andar hain kohraam

Poem in Devnagri script:-

दीवारों का जंगल जिसका
आबादी हैं नाम
बाहर से चुप लगता हैं
अंदर हैं कोहराम

दीवारों के इस जंगल में
भटक रहे इंसान
अपने अपने उलझे दामन
झटक रहे इंसान
अपनी विपदा छोड़ के आये
अपनी विपदा छोड़ के आये
कौन किसी के काम
बाहर से चुप लगता हैं
अंदर हैं कोहराम

सीने खाली आँखें सूनी
चेहरे पे हैरानी
जितने घने हंगामे इसमें
इतनी घनी वीरानी
रातें कातिल सुबहें मुजरिम
रातें कातिल सुबहें मुजरिम
मुलजिम हैं हर शाम
बाहर से चुप-चुप लगता हैं
अंदर हैं कोहराम

हाल न पूछे दर्द न बांटे
इस जंगल के लोग
अपना-अपना सुख हैं सबका
अपना अपना सोग
कोई नहीं जो हाथ बढ़ाकर
गिरतों को ले थाम
बाहर से चुप-चुप लगता हैं
अंदर हैं कोहराम

बेबस को दोषी ठहराए
इस जंगल का न्याय
सच की लाश पे कोई न रोये
झूठ को सीस नवाए
पत्थर की इन दीवारों में
पत्थर हो गए राम
बाहर से चुप-चुप लगता हैं
अंदर हैं कोहराम

Deewaaron Ka Jungle – 3 – Gulzar

(Deewaaron ka Jungle – III)

Deewaron ka Jungle – I, Deewaaron ka Jungle – II

(Though the posts under this series ‘Deewaaron Ka Jungle’ are delayed posts, the issue discussed is still as much relevant to our society, social life and for ‘we the people of India’.
And it will be of utmost importance in the coming years too, till we rise as ‘one soul-one nation’.

So continuing with the balance posts in this series and sharing my thoughts with you…)

Moving to the 3rd part of this article, just to share – ‘when we watch these great peoples speaking about such social issues, listening to them is like an altogether different experience,

‘us ek ghante mein ham ek umr jee letein hain’,

‘Kitni gehraayee hoti hain unki baton, lagta hain poore jeewan ka anubhav samet liya hain un kuchh palon mein’.

And, when the person speaking, on such sensitive issue is none other than Gulzar Saab that is sure to happen. (Watching him and listening him … these lines repeatedly come to my mind – Vaishnav jan to tene kahiye je peed parayee jaane re….

It has been exactly a year now… (And coming to full circle of this thought process I had gone through)..
9 th March 2013 Gulzar Saab was speaking on the occasion of release of the ‘third’ edition of his ‘Dyodhi’ (on ABP Majha)

As the basis of this series of articles is a poem from one of the greatest ‘social’ poet or rather the ‘Peoples Poet’ of our country Sahir Saab, I thought it more appropriate to combine it with thoughts of another great poet Gulzar Saab.

In this conversation he speaks on various issues affecting our social existence. When he was asked ‘how do you feel about the current issues in our society?’
(Link of this is available here)

Gulzar Saab on release of 3rd edition of ‘Dyodhi’

‘Geetkar ki baat ham alaahida rakhe, lekjn shaayar ko kaisa lagta hain aaj ka vaastav, jo iird gird uske mandra rahaa hain wo yatharth wo jo reality dekh rahaa hain shaayar usko kaisa lagta hain

Use chotein lag rahi hain,
Ji
Chotein lag rahi hain

Main yun kahoon,
Thode thodese ehsaas hain jaise

Kaagaz par girte hi phutee hain labz kayee, (maaf kijiyega, main kavita par aa gaya)
Kaagaz par girte hi phutate hain labz kayee
Kuchh dhuaan uthha, chingaariyaan kuchh, ek nazm ko phir se aag lagi,
Kaagaz par girte hi phutate hain labz kayee
Kuchh dhuaan uthha, chingaariyaan kuchh, ek nazm ko phir se aag lagi
Jalte shehar mein baithha shaayar isse zyada kare bhi kya, lafzon se aag nahin bujhti,
Nazmon se jakhm nahin bharte(ye, yoon mahsus karta hain kavi). Aapke chaaron taraf dekhte hue, to bebasi to hain, kabhi use bayaan kar letein hain jo ho raha hain…

Baat kahin khalti to hain andar jaake; par aap kya karenge;

Main cigarette to nahin peeta hoon, magar aanewaale se main itna pooch leta hoon ke maachis hain?
Main cigarette to nahin peeta magar aannewaale se bas itna poonchh leta hoon ke maachis hain?
Bahot kuchh hain jise main phoonk dena chaahta hoon,
Magar himmat nahin hoti…..meri himmat nahin hoti

How long can we remain isolated from the society? How long can we ignore the social circumstances?

What other Gulzar Saab said in this talk is summarized in the following points;

We need to be social conscious!
Cinema cannot bring revolution!!
It is a recorder and reminder!
On women issues he says;
We do not respect children and women in society.
We are callous!
We continue to tolerate the ‘wrong’ at the cost of ‘right’, we continue to tolerate!

बेबस को दोषी ठहराए
इस जंगल का न्याय
सच की लाश पे कोई न रोये
झूठ को सीस नवाए
पत्थर की इन दीवारों में
पत्थर हो गए राम
बाहर से चुप-चुप लगता हैं
अंदर हैं कोहराम
दीवारों का जंगल जिसका
आबादी हैं नाम

We do not revolt, and if at all it is only little crawling here and there, so the overall view seems to be ‘all is well’, collective revolt to shake up overall is necessary!

(Note: I had earlier read about Gulzar Saab’s ‘Dyodhi’, but this book was not available at the leading ‘online’ store.
Before concluding this post I thought it would be better if I get it and finally on searching I got the publishers website and get this book directly from them.

Now ‘Dyodhi’ is with me …)

(To …… Deewaaron ka Jungle – IV)

Deewaaron Ka Jungle – 2 – Nana Patekar

(Deewaaron ka Jungle-II)

Deewaaron ka Jungle-1

बहुत घुटन है कोई सूरते बयाँ निकले
अगर सदा न उठे, कम से कम फूगां निकले
–    साहिर लुधियानवी

As a human being we cannot remain isolated to what is happening in our surroundings and day to day life. Sometimes we are hurt, we are pained, we struggle, we fight back in our own individual way but we alone cannot make all right as we would like it to be.
We are confined to our comfort zone. And it is very difficult for us to come out of it.
Ultimately we are compelled to confine ourselves to our own priorities, we have our own personal problems and in our own way we are attached to it. Even if somehow we want to do something for a social cause we are unable to do so and we could not carry our fight for others for longer.

We cry, we weep, we keep wailing for some time and then back to square one we are back to the only cause of our ‘do joon ki roti’.

And then there is this ‘chhodo yaar, ae sab to chalta hi rahega, apne baap ka kya jaata hai’

But believe me, though not much may have gone of our Fathers but everything of our children is at ‘stake’.

Take for instance the ‘Nithari’ killings of innocent children years before… what has happened?
The ‘Satan of Patans’, the continuous rape in PTC college of Patan in Gujarat?
It is more heinous act than terrorism.
It is only who lost their near and dear ones those suffer.

And the others will continue to suffer some other day because we have all accepted it now as a routine and the ‘bench-mark’ has been set and achieving to ‘new heights’ of ‘heinousness’- thanks to the people of this country – because for rest of them it is all ‘sab chalta hai’, ‘chhod na yaar’, ‘apne baap ka kya jaata hai, ‘bhool ja ..’ , and happily the ‘republic’ goes on, moving further, marching to ‘mars’ and going down with ‘humanity, values, ethics, moral, civic sense, social commitment, social responsibility, and moral and social responsibility’;
(Yesterday there was news about a Son of Leader (of the party in power) in UP, beating a Ladies Officer on duty- where are the ‘woman rights activists’ or ‘human rights activists’ and so called NGOs?)

Deewaaron ke is jungle mein
Bhatak rahe insaan
Apne apne uljhe daaman
Jhatak rahe insaan
Apni vipadaa chhod ke aaye
Kaun kisi ke kaam

Here I would like to share with all what the great film personality Nana Patekar had said about in a interview with IBN Lokmat editor Mr.Nikhil Wagle few months back.
This discussion held then is very much in line with our topic of this article and hence I feel it is essential to share it with all of you (those it has been almost ten months now when this interview was held)

On 3rd march there was an interview of Nana Patekar on ‘IBN- Lokmat’ where the editor of the news channel Mr. Nikhil Wagle discussed about his latest film – the attacks of 26/11-and the prevailing socio-political situation in the country. I missed some earlier part of this discussion, but thanks to YT, it is available on it. Nana talks about many current socio-political issues in this talk and very less about his new film. As we know about Nana he is socially active and do many things ensuring that there is no ‘publicity’ about it.
Nana is worried about the current scenario, the way life has changed, that he watched through his journey of life from his childhood days to now.

‘Hamne ek dusre ke prati vishwas kho diya hain’

About the vulnerability of life nowadays he says ‘one cannot ensure that the person who left his house in the morning will be back in evening (as it is) to home or not?’
Nana also speaks on the deteriorating social values in our society.
But he is optimistic that the new generation will be able to shake up the current system and bring a change.
Something needs to be done. If I do not express I get suffocated. Cinema is the medium.

As mentioned above while watching this on 3rd March I had missed some earlier part, but very soon I find it on YT and please note what note it start –
Nana is walking in his farms followed by the editor and his crew, and the editor and what Nana said – ‘mumbai mein kuchh nahin hain, sirf ‘deewaarein’ hain! It’s suffocating in Mumbai behind the ‘four walls’.
(Deewaaron ka Jungle-II) …